frequently asked questions

What is TBRI?

Trust Based Relational Intervention is an evidenced based model that helps families understand how trauma impacts a developing child and how they can assist their child’s healing by parenting in a therapeutic manner.

“TBRI® is an attachment-based, trauma-informed intervention that is designed to meet the complex needs of vulnerable children. TBRI® uses Empowering Principles to address physical needs, Connecting Principles for attachment needs, and Correcting Principles to disarm fear-based behaviors. While the intervention is based on years of attachment, sensory processing, and neuroscience research, the heartbeat of TBRI® is connection.”  -

Because it was developed out of working with children who have been through very hard things and are often expressing their needs behaviorally, I have found that the core principles of TBRI are helpful for children with a variety of backgrounds/unique needs.

If you are looking for a TBRI counselor in Tampa, let’s connect and I’d be happy to answer any questions you have.

How long does therapy usually take?

Therapy is a personal process, so the length of time it takes to reach your goals is very individualized. In the beginning it is typically best to plan to attend weekly.  As things progress, it is common that we will begin to move towards sessions every other week, and finally once a month until you feel your goals have been met and you are ready to end therapy. I like to remind my clients to reach back out as they need to in the future.

I feel like my child is struggling, not me - why don’t you just meet with my child?

Children are a part of the broader family system.  We all do a delicate unconscious dance with one another.  For most situations, in order for change to occur for one, everyone has make adjustments.  You are changing the dance -sometimes it’s a new step or two, sometimes it is a whole new song - so it is important to work together.

There are times or portions of sessions I will work alone with a child (particularly older children/teens)- yet it is always with the goal of facilitating a greater connection between the parent and child. I will seek to support your child in expressing his/her needs and increasing his/her ability to seek you out for safety and support.  So, at some level, you will always be included. 

Therapy is typically one hour a week - you are with your child the other 6 days and 23 hours.  I believe you have the greatest opportunity for impact. When you are feeling confident about how to best help your child, your stress will be decreased, and thus so will your child’s.

How is parent training different than therapy for parents?

Parent training is more educational in nature.  Think of it like going to your own personalized parenting class.  We are able to discuss examples of how to apply what you are learning within the context of your family- just like you would in a classroom setting - but the main goal is growing in applicable knowledge. 

Therapy is a more in depth, personal, process of exploring your story in a safe, supportive environment- helping you recognize and work through any parts of your history that are showing up in your present in a way that is not serving you well, or is keeping you stuck.  In therapy, clients are often also learning new “tools” to apply to current challenges - such as how to manage stress and decrease anxiety, how to have healthy boundaries/relationships, and how care for themselves and express their needs.  Therapy is about you - I will support you in setting your goals and then come alongside you to assist you in achieving them.

I work full time/my child is in school all day - what are your hours?

In addition to daytime appointments available between 9am and 6pm, appointments are available in the  evenings on select days.   Weekend sessions are available on Sundays in the late afternoons. 

As appropriate, both online and in home services are options that can also assist in accommodating your busy schedule.  I have clients who participate in therapy during their lunch hour while at work!

How does in home therapy work?

In their home environment children are more relaxed and therefore quicker to interact and be themselves.  This enables me to better observe your child “in action” and better understand the unique dynamics occurring in your home and family.  I’ve heard many parents exclaim, “See, that’s how he really acts!  The doctor has never seen this!”  I get to see the real deal, and that helps me come alongside you and work towards solutions that work in real life.

In home sessions are also convenient for your busy schedule -  so instead of rushing to one more appointment, I come to you.

Do you take insurance?

I do not accept insurance plans.

What are your fees? 

Initial intake session:  $175 (1.5 hours)

Follow up sessions:    $125 (60 minutes)

In home services:  Depending on your location, an additional travel fee will be included.

Intensives/Consultations:  As we determine your goals, I will suggest a beginning package that will best provide the services/number of hours I feel will best suit your situation. 

Due to the number of hours an intensive requires, families who make this commitment receive a reduced rate per hour.

Payment is expected at the time of session, and I accept cash, check, and credit, debit, or HSA cards.

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